Racial Science and Human Diversity in Colonial Indonesia

In her new book Racial Science and Human Diversity in Colonial Indonesia, Dr Fenneke Sysling (Cultural History) draws on published works and private papers to describe the way Dutch racial scientists tried to make sense of the human diversity in the Indonesian archipelago.

developing ideas about race

The making of racial knowledge, Sysling contends, cannot be explained solely in terms of internal European intellectual developments. It was 'on the ground' that ideas about race were made and unmade with a set of knowledge strategies that did not always combine well. Sysling describes how skulls were assembled through the colonial infrastructure, how measuring sessions were resisted, what role photography and plaster casting played in racial science and shows how these aspects of science in practice were entangled with the Dutch colonial Empire.

debating the basis of race

Indonesia is home to diverse peoples who differ from one another in terms of physical appearance as well as social and cultural practices. The way such matters are understood is partly rooted in ideas developed by racial scientists working in the Netherlands Indies beginning in the late nineteenth century, who tried to develop systematic ways to define and identify distinctive races. Their work helped spread the idea that race had a scientific basis in anthropometry and craniology, and was central to people’s identity, but their encounters in the archipelago also challenged their ideas about race. 

Dr. Fenneke Sysling
Dr Fenneke Sysling

About the author

Fenneke Sysling is a historian of science and colonialism. She holds a PhD from VU University Amsterdam, and has published on the history of museum collections, environmental history and the making of race. She is currently a postdoctoral researcher at Utrecht University.


  • Title: Racial Science and Human Diversity in Colonial Indonesia (2016)
  • Author: Fenneke Sysling
  • Publisher: NUS Press Singapore 
  • ISBN: 978-981-4722-07-0