Iva Vukusic (Political History) won an ASN 2018 Best Doctoral Paper Award for her paper 'Paramilitary Violence in the Former Yugoslavia: Insights from War Crimes Trials'. Vukusic was awarded the prize in the category 'Balkans' during the ASN (Association for the Study of Nationalities) World Convention at Columbia University, 3-5 May. Her award-winning paper is part of her PhD dissertation on Serb(ian) paramilitaries.
In her paper, Vukusic examines and analyses the trial record of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague, in order to reveal what it can tell us about paramilitary violence. She discusses the various kinds of violence in which paramilitaries affiliated with the regime of Slobodan Milosevic engaged. The paper argues that different kinds of paramilitaries engaged in different forms of violence, fulfilling separate purposes in the overall campaign to seize and hold territory.
Detailed study of mass violence
As the ICTY conducted proceedings against 161 individuals, the amount of material collected in investigations and presented in the courtrooms is astonishing, and provides sources that allow a detailed study of mass violence in that period. Those sources include military and police reports, witness statements made by victims and members of armed forces and paramilitaries, intercepts of telephone conversations, and excerpts from diaries such as that of Bosnian Serb general Ratko Mladic and field notes of foreign observers.
The ASN World Convention is the largest international and interdisciplinary scholarly gathering of its kind, dealing with topics related to nationalism, ethnicity, ethnic conflict and national identity regional sections on the Balkans, Central Europe, Russia, Ukraine, Eurasia Eurasia (including Central Asia and China), the Caucasus, and Turkey/Greece.