Fifteenth-century Florence is generally considered the cradle of the modern architect. However, in Architecture as profession. The origins of architectural practice in the Low Countries in the fifteenth century Dr Merlijn Hurx (Art History) argues that transformations in building organisation in fifteenth century Northern Europe laid the foundations for modern architecture.
Builder and designer
In Florence, for the first time since Antiquity, the Vitruvian concept which distinguishes between builder and designer was recognised in architectural theory, causing a fundamental rupture in architectural practice. In this well-established narrative Northern Europe only followed a century later when, along with the diffusion of Italian treatises and the introduction of the all’antica style, a new type of architect began to replace traditional gothic masters.