The lasting impact of the Gulf War

Amerikaanse gevechtsvliegtuigen boven de brandende olieputten in de woestijn van Koeweit in 1991. Bron: Wikimedia/US Air Force
USAF aircraft over burning Kuwaiti oil fields in 1991. Source: Wikimedia/US Air Force

The end of the Gulf War in 1991 was supposed to announce an era of peace. However, the conflict still impacts our current reality. Dr Lorena de Vita (History and Art History) and Amir Taha co-wrote a piece for The Conversation about the consequences of the Gulf War.

Dr. Lorena De Vita
Dr Lorena De Vita

The end of the Gulf War

In August 1990, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein attempted to annex Kuwait in an attempt to stop the country from producing oil and repair Iraq's economy. The United States led a military operation against Iraqi troops, which eventually lead Iraq to agree with a ceasefire in 1991. The Soviet Union endorsed the US's actions immediately, which improved relations between them.

A legacy of violence

But what about the aftermath of this war? Although the fighting had stopped, Saddam Hussein remained in power. His regime was constantly attacked until president George W. Bush started a new war against Iraq in 2003. "The war of the early 2000s left behind a much weakened Iraqi state infrastructure, and a high body count – a situation that rendered Iraq an easy prey to the forces of the Islamic State, which took over Mosul in 2014, continuing a legacy of violence and brutalisation," De Vita and Taha write.

More information
Read the full article here