The lasting impact of the Gulf War
The end of the Gulf War
In August 1990, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein attempted to annex Kuwait in an attempt to stop the country from producing oil and repair Iraq's economy. The United States led a military operation against Iraqi troops, which eventually lead Iraq to agree with a ceasefire in 1991. The Soviet Union endorsed the US's actions immediately, which improved relations between them.
A legacy of violence
But what about the aftermath of this war? Although the fighting had stopped, Saddam Hussein remained in power. His regime was constantly attacked until president George W. Bush started a new war against Iraq in 2003. "The war of the early 2000s left behind a much weakened Iraqi state infrastructure, and a high body count – a situation that rendered Iraq an easy prey to the forces of the Islamic State, which took over Mosul in 2014, continuing a legacy of violence and brutalisation," De Vita and Taha write.
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