From 20 June 2018 to 21 June 2018

Workshop 'Reasoning in a post-truth world: a look at dual-process models'

© iStockphoto.com
© iStockphoto.com

Last november, The Guardian published an article proclaiming that in order to make sense of our current predicament living in a post-truth world, we should take note of “two fundamental things about what it means to think and talk like a human”. Firstly, there is our vulnerability to all forms of bias and distortion. And secondly, there is our capacity to (at least sometimes) outsmart such bias and distortion by deliberate effort and reasoning. The aim of the workshop is to shed light on the interplay of both these features.

Relating to different features of our own existence

Although we have gained important insights from dual-process approaches to cognition, roughly distinguishing implicit and explicit processes (Evans, 2003; Frankish, 2016; Hassin, Aarts, Eitam, Custers, & Kleiman, 2009; Strack & Deutsch, 2015), what remains unclear is how human beings as persons can relate to these different features of their own existence. After all, implicit cognition does not only lead to biases: it is an invaluable feature without which our everyday life would be unbearable.

Can one form of cognition correct the other?

And although our capacity for explicit reasoning is the motor of science, it all too often leads us astray. So the question is: can we ‘employ’ one form of cognition in order to correct the excesses of the other – and if so, from what perspective can we do that? In this workshop, we will address these questions from both psychological and philosophical perspectives. The workshop is open to everyone interested in reasoning, human cognition and current debates on post-truth.

Confirmed speakers

  • Dr Ruud Custers (Utrecht)
  • Prof. Shira Elqayam (Leicester)
  • Prof. Jan de Houwer (Gent)
  • Dr Annemarie Kalis (Utrecht)
  • Prof. Agnes Moors (Gent)
  • Prof. Lisa Osbeck (West Virginia)
  • Prof. Marc Slors (Nijmegen)
  • Prof. Thomas Sturm (Barcelona) 
  • Prof. Åsa Wikforss (Stockholm)
Programme Wednesday June 20
 9.30-10.00  Coffee / Tea
 10.00-10.15 

 Introduction

 Annemarie Kalis, Utrecht University

 10.15-12.15 

 Thinking fast isn't simple: On the complexities of implicit cognition

 Agnes Moors (KU Leuven) & Jan de Houwer (Universiteit Gent) (psychology)

 12.15-14.00   Lunch
 14.00-15.00 

 Dual process theories and the "public use of reason" today

 Thomas Sturm, ICREA & UAB, Barcelona (philosophy)

 15.00-16.00 

 Are people really cognitive misers?

 Shira Elqayam, De Montfort University (psychology)

 16.00-16.30   Coffee / Tea
 16.30-17.30 

 Implicit bias: what's the problem?

 Annemarie Kalis, Utrecht University (philosophy)

 ca. 18.00  Drinks & dinner for speakers

 

Programme Thursday June 21
 9.30-10.30 

 Quasi-rational from root to branches: Person-centric accounts of reasoning for even a post-truth world

 Lisa M. Osbeck, University of West Georgia (psychology)

 10.30-11.30 

 Knowledge resistance and skewed reasoning

 Åsa Wikforss, Stockholm University (philosophy)

 11.30-12.00   Coffee / Tea
 12.00-13.00 

 When human behavior is misinformed by beliefs: The formation of erroneous action-outcome representations

 Ruud Custers, Utrecht University (psychology)

 13.00-14.00   Lunch
 14.00-15.00 

 Staying abreast, fast and slow: processing reports in the age of ‘fake news’

 Axel Gelfert, Technische Universität Berlin (philosophy)

 15.00-16.00 

 Implicit and explicit cultural cognition: on conventions and division of labour

 Marc Slors, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (philosophy)

 16.00  Closing

 

Organisation

This workshop is sponsored by NWO (VENI grant 016.154.044) and is part of the Platform Facts & Reasoning / Strategic Theme Institutions for Open Societies / Utrecht University.  

Start date and time
20 June 2018
End date and time
21 June 2018
Entrance fee
Participation and lunch are free.