4 October 2018 from 16:30 to 19:00

Latest book by Beatrice de Graaf

Book presentation Tegen de Terreur

On October 4th, prof. dr. Beatrice de Graaf’s latest book will be presented during a festive gathering. The first edition of Tegen de Terreur will be received by former NAVO secretary general Jaap de Hoop Scheffer.

Please note, the main language of this event is Dutch.


Against the terror

After Napoleon had definitively been defeated in 1815, the regents and peoples of Europe desired peace and safety. After 25 years of war and chaos, the victors of Waterloo laid the foundations for a new European Defense Association (a proto-NAVO, if you will), led by the Duke of Wellington. Building on Napoleonic innovations, new networks, conferences, policies and institutions were designed to consolidate and guard the new post-war order. In order to achieve this, Wellington and the European ministers mobilized countless incapable and reluctant officers, lawyers, spies and other defense workers. Utilizing lots of new instruments – passports, optical telegraphs, joint border inspections and rapid circulation of descriptions of fugitive ‘terroristes’ and ‘assassins’– Europe indeed became safer. That safety, however, came with a high price in the shape of international loans and forced French recovery payments.

Prof. dr. Beatrice de Graaf. Foto: Milette Raats
Prof. dr. Beatrice de Graaf. Photo: Milette Raats

The high price was also paid in the form of equality and civil rights; crucial principles of the French Revolution that were sacrificied. The double terror of the Revolution and Napoleon were overcome, but the safety transformation of 1815 was intrinsically imperialistic, asymmetrical and elitist. This system, forming the basis for our current safety system, is reconstructed by the hand of previously unexamined sources. With brilliance and detail, Beatrice de Graaf uncovers the first European joint battle against terror.


Beatrice de Graaf

Beatrice de Graaf is professor in History of International Relations & Global Governance. She is also connected to Institutions for Open Societies, an interdisciplinary research group focused on the development and growth of open societies around the world.

Start date and time
4 October 2018 16:30
End date and time
4 October 2018 19:00
More information
Uitgeverij Prometheus