There was some consideration of how the delta would look at the half-way point, and therefore how we would get to these radical visions of the future. Key elements mentioned included: urban areas with major embankments; greener urban areas with mixed land use; new wetlands and ‘room for water’ spaces to experiment with developing such areas; depolderisation; experimental islands; planning eastwards migration; community consultation; and, interestingly and most radically, anarchy as part of a tipping point to a new, more sustainable delta equilibrium.
Knowledge gaps in governance issues
While there were practical questions focusing on salinization, resilient infrastructure, food and energy production, funding, and sustainable natural barriers, knowledge gaps and research questions remarkably centred around governance issues:
- how to arrange that people will start to move to the eastern part of the Netherlands;
- what will be the role of government, how to undertake this governance inclusively, and what will be ‘autonomous processes’;
- appropriate rates of and social barriers to change;
- how to minimise disruption while altering the delta equilibrium;
- maintaining communal identities throughout the changes; and research into transformative pathways.
As a final step, our artists compiled a ‘future delta’ based on the ideas from the six tables, and designed the last map in this report.