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School of Law

Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM)

International human rights instruments

The status of ratifications of the core human rights instruments can be found in the database RATIF on the SIM documentation site. Texts of international human rights instruments can also be found in the database INSTRUMENTS (in English structured by article).

United Nations

  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
  • Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, 1948
  • Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, 1951
    • Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees, 1967
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966
    • Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966
    • Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty, 1989
  • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966
  • International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1965
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979
    • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999
  • Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1984
    • Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 2002
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989
    • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, 2000
    • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, 2000
  • International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 1990
  • Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2006
    • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2006
  • International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance

Council of Europe 

Humanitairian law